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Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts
Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts
Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

economy

Nonmetallic Mineral Product ManufacturingNAICS 327 Overview

Subsector Snapshot | Printable (PDF)

Fast Facts

  • Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing provided nearly 37,600 direct jobs in 2016, as well as another 40,600 indirect jobs.
  • The subsector’s GDP totaled $5.3 billion in 2015.
  • Average annual wages in the subsector averaged nearly $58,000 in 2016, higher than the U.S. subsector average of $56,000.
  • Subsector exports rose from nearly $500 million in 2009 to about $765 million in 2016, a 53 percent gain.
  • The subsector is more concentrated in Texas than the U.S., accounting for 4.4 percent of Texas’ total manufacturing jobs in 2016 versus 3.3 percent in the U.S.

Long-Term Employment Trends

Texas’ nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing employment rose by 30 percent in the 1990s, peaking at 45,100 jobs in 2001. The job count declined substantially following the Great Recession in 2008 but has recovered slightly in recent years. The Texas job count remains nearly 9 percent above 1990 levels. U.S. employment in this subsector, by contrast, is 23 percent below the 1990 level (Exhibit 4).

Subsector Economic Output Trends

Texas’ inflation-adjusted GDP in the nonmetallic mineral product subsector rose by 19 percent from 1997 to 2015. During this period, the U.S. subsector GDP declined by 17 percent (Exhibit 5).

Exhibit 4: Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing, Percent Change in Employment, U.S. vs. Texas, 1990-2016 (Indexed to 1990)

Year Real GDP Employment
1990 0.0% 0.0%
1991 -6.4% -4.3%
1992 -7.8% -2.6%
1993 -7.1% 1.7%
1994 -4.4% 7.2%
1995 -2.9% 11.2%
1996 -2.1% 14.1%
1997 -0.5% 15.9%
1998 1.3% 19.3%
1999 2.3% 25.9%
2000 4.9% 29.1%
2001 3.0% 30.0%
2002 -2.3% 27.4%
2003 -6.5% 23.6%
2004 -4.3% 24.5%
2005 -4.4% 25.6%
2006 -3.6% 28.0%
2007 -5.3% 28.2%
2008 -12.0% 21.3%
2009 -25.4% 3.2%
2010 -29.8% -5.2%
2011 -30.6% -7.2%
2012 -30.9% -6.9%
2013 -29.3% -2.6%
2014 -27.3% 2.0%
2015 -24.7% 6.3%
2016 -22.9% 8.6%

Sources: Texas Workforce Commission and Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

Exhibit 5: Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing, Percent Change in Real GDP, U.S. vs. Texas, 1997-2015 (Indexed to 1997)

Year U.S. Texas
1997 0.0% 0.0%
1998 -0.4% 6.3%
1999 0.8% 19.1%
2000 -0.2% 17.2%
2001 -2.3% 15.1%
2002 -3.6% 24.9%
2003 -0.9% 12.8%
2004 6.0% 25.0%
2005 7.2% 37.4%
2006 -0.1% 24.0%
2007 -0.3% 22.6%
2008 -8.8% 24.1%
2009 -27.4% -8.5%
2010 -27.3% -14.4%
2011 -25.0% -14.1%
2012 -22.8% -6.7%
2013 -17.5% 9.5%
2014 -15.6% 22.6%
2015 -17.0% 18.5%

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis and Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

Industries in Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing consists of five industries, including the manufacturing of construction components such as stone and concrete and the creation of glass, ceramic and tile products (Exhibit 6).

Two of the industries — clay product and refractory manufacturing and other nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing — are considered “advanced industries” as defined by the Brookings Institution. Such industries have two distinguishing criteria: R&D spending per worker ranks in the top 20 percent of industries, and their share of workers with high levels of scientific and technical knowledge exceeds the national average. In 2015, advanced industries accounted for just 8.7 percent of total U.S. jobs yet generated 60 percent of exports, 81 percent of patents and 89 percent of private-sector R&D. Their emphasis on innovation and highly skilled workers makes the advanced industries essential to prosperity and rising standards of living.

Exhibit 6: Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing in Texas: Industries

Description NAICS Code 2016 Jobs 2001 to 2010
% Change
2010 to 2016
% Change
2016 Average Salaries 2001 Location Quotient 2016 Location Quotient
Clay Products and Refractory* 3271 5,102 -28.2% 4.3% $55,709 1.22 1.56
Glass and Glass Products 3272 3,579 -49.5% 17.4% $57,556 0.62 0.51
Cement and Concrete Products 3273 21,426 -24.3% 18.5% $60,245 1.41 1.37
Lime and Gypsum Products 3274 1,302 -24.2% -0.9% $60,835 1.22 1.09
Other Nonmetallic Mineral Products* 3279 6,176 -9.0% 10.2% $51,497 1.14 0.98
Total Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 327 37,586 -26.2% 14.1% $57,956 1.14 1.12

* Indicates advanced industry as defined by Brookings Institution.
Sources: Emsi and Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

Industry Concentration in Texas

One way to assess industries is with location quotient (LQ), a measure of employment concentration in a given area; the higher the LQ value, the more “concentrated” the industry.

Texas’ nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing subsector LQ was 1.12 in 2016, meaning that its share of the industry’s employment was 12 percent greater in Texas than in the U.S. (Exhibit 6).

Within the subsector, industries with the greatest concentration levels in Texas were clay product and refractory manufacturing (1.56 LQ) and cement and concrete product manufacturing (1.37 LQ).

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