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Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts
Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts
Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

Machinery Manufact­uring

Updated Feb 2018

Subsector Overview »

This subsector manufactures the heavy machinery and equipment used in agricultural, industrial, construction and mining activities, as well as general-purpose machinery such as heating and cooling units, engines and transmissions. It includes several “advanced industries” that invest heavily in research and development and employ an outsized share of scientific and technical workers.

Direct & Indirect Employment

$19.1 Billion
State Subsector GDP

Average Annual Wage

$20.1 Billion

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Economic Models, Inc., Emsi, U.S. Department of Commerce International Trade Administration


Agricultural, construction and mining machinery manufacturers provide about half of this subsector’s total jobs. Almost 90 percent of its Texas jobs are in mining (oil and gas) machinery. Texas accounts for about 60 percent of all U.S. jobs in mining machinery manufacturing.

In 2016, this subsector provided 42,500 direct jobs in the Houston metropolitan area, almost half the state total.

Source: Emsi, Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts


Agricultural Implements: 7.2%; Construction Machinery: 4.4%; Mining (Oil and Gas) Machinery: 88.4%

Source: Emsi, Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

Description Direct Jobs 2016 Job Change 2010-2016 Average Texas Salaries 2016 Location Quotient 2016
Subsector Totals 88,048 3% $83,274 0.99
Agriculture, Construction, and Mining Machinery 43,494 -5% $99,438 2.54
Industrial Machinery 6,370 15% $85,779 0.69
Commercial and Service Industry Machinery 2,413 -2% $69,013 0.32
Ventilation, Heating, Air-Conditioning, and commercial refrigeration equipment 10,722 3% $60,148 1.00
Metalworking Machinery 5,061 41% $53,945 0.34
Engine, Turbine, And Power Transmission Equipment 4,585 11% $65,746 0.57
Other General Purpose Machinery 15,403 15% $69,778 0.72

Source: Emsi


Location quotient (LQ) compares an industry’s share of jobs in a specific region with its share of nationwide employment.

This subsector is prevalent in areas outside the Houston metro area, including construction and industrial machinery manufacturing in the Upper East region, farm equipment in the Southeast and oil and gas machinery in the West region.

Sources: Emsi, Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

  • Gulf Coast Region LQ 1.98
    • Houston: Oil and Gas Field Machinery, Air and Gas Compressor, Air-Conditioning and Warm Air Heating Equipment
  • Upper East Region LQ 1.64
    • Longview: Construction Machinery
    • Tyler: Industrial Machinery
  • West Region LQ 1.52
    • Odessa: Oil and Gas Field Machinery, Pump and Pumping Equipment
  • Southeast Region LQ 1.36
    • Beaumont, Port Arthur: Farm Machinery and Equipment
  • Other Regions
    • Pampa: Oil and Gas Field Machinery
    • Mineral Wells: Air and Gas Compressor


Manufacturing continues to drive output and productivity in the Texas economy, creating jobs paying well above the statewide average. It also contributes significantly to job creation in other industries, particularly in design operations and services.

The machinery manufacturing subsector’s contribution to Texas GDP rose by 123 percent from 1997 through 2015, compared to a 4 percent increase in the U.S. Its $20.1 billion in exports from Texas accounted for about 9 percent of total state exports in 2016. The subsector lost 20,500 jobs from 2014 to 2016 — a 19 percent decline — coinciding with declining oil prices. It has recovered slightly in the past year, adding 8,800 jobs from December 2016 to December 2017, a 10.2 percent gain.

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