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Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts
Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts
Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

economy

Miscellaneous Manufacturing(including medical equipment and supplies)
NAICS 339 Overview

Subsector Snapshot | Printable (PDF)

Introduction

This subsector includes industries that manufacture surgical, dental and optical instruments and supplies; recreational goods such as sporting equipment, toys, office supplies and musical instruments; and several other items for daily use. Many of its industries rely heavily on export activity and research and development investments to develop innovative products.

Fast Facts

  • Miscellaneous manufacturing provided about 30,500 direct jobs in 2016, as well as another 28,500 indirect jobs.
  • The subsector’s GDP totaled $3.0 billion in 2015.
  • Average annual wages in the subsector were about $53,000 in 2016.
  • Subsector exports were more than $4.9 billion in 2016

Long-Term Employment Trends

Texas’ subsector employment was about 30,500 in 2016, down from its peak of nearly 40,000 jobs in 1998. In 2016, Texas and U.S. subsector employment was down 19 percent and 14 percent, respectively, from 1990s levels (Exhibit 4).

Exhibit 4: Miscellaneous Manufacturing Percent Change in Employment, U.S. vs. Texas, 1990-2016 (Indexed to 1990)

Year U.S. Texas
1990 0.0% 0.0%
1991 -0.6% 0.5%
1992 0.3% 3.5%
1993 2.5% 5.4%
1994 3.4% 4.3%
1995 3.5% 2.7%
1996 3.6% 2.7%
1997 4.7% 5.4%
1998 6.0% 8.1%
1999 5.6% 5.7%
2000 6.2% 3.0%
2001 3.5% -0.8%
2002 -0.4% -4.3%
2003 -4.0% -6.0%
2004 -5.1% -6.8%
2005 -5.6% -10.3%
2006 -6.1% -11.4%
2007 -6.4% -14.1%
2008 -8.3% -17.9%
2009 -14.8% -24.1%
2010 -17.3% -25.2%
2011 -16.3% -23.0%
2012 -15.4% -21.1%
2013 -15.3% -19.2%
2014 -15.1% -18.2%
2015 -14.0% -18.4%
2016 -13.8% -17.3%

Sources: Texas Workforce Commission and Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

Exhibit 5: Miscellaneous Manufacturing, Percent Change in Real GDP, U.S. vs. Texas, 1997-2015 (Indexed to 1997)

Year U.S. Texas
1997 0.0% 0.0%
1998 3.3% -7.9%
1999 6.4% -21.6%
2000 9.9% -6.1%
2001 3.5% -19.3%
2002 7.7% -6.2%
2003 9.1% -7.1%
2004 14.7% 5.0%
2005 20.0% 1.9%
2006 28.2% 5.2%
2007 30.3% 25.7%
2008 37.5% 19.9%
2009 41.5% 20.2%
2010 44.5% 7.1%
2011 38.8% 0.2%
2012 37.5% -1.0%
2013 31.7% 8.8%
2014 34.1% 6.5%
2015 35.1% 0.3%

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis and Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

Subsector Economic Output Trends

This subsector contributed $3 billion to Texas’ GDP in 2015. In inflation-adjusted dollars, the state’s subsector GDP was the same in 2015 as in 1997. The U.S. subsector GDP, by comparison, rose 35 percent (Exhibit 5).

Despite falling subsector employment levels and stagnant GDP growth in Texas, the subsector’s economic output per worker rose from about $70,900 in 1997 to $91,900 in 2015.

Industry Concentration in Miscellaneous Manufacturing

The subsector and most of its industries have a lower share of employment in Texas than nationally, as gauged by location quotient (LQ), a measure of employment concentration in a given area; the higher the LQ value, the more “concentrated” the industry. Only one industry — jewelry and silverware manufacturing — has an employment share in the state that is larger than the national share. Its 1.10 LQ means its share is 10 percent higher in Texas than nationally (Exhibit 6).

The medical equipment and supplies industry LQ was 0.47 in 2016 (or 47 percent of the national share), down from a 0.63 LQ in 2001. A low and falling LQ generally indicates that the industry would require large investments to achieve any growth. The Upper East region, however, in areas such as Jacksonville and Athens, contains pockets of regional industry competitiveness.

Exhibit 6: Miscellaneous Manufacturing Industries

Description NAICS Code 2016 Jobs 2001 to 2010
% Change
2010 to 2016
% Change
2016 Average Salaries 2001 Location Quotient 2016 Location Quotient
Medical Equipment and Supplies 33911 11,929 -16% 2% $56,821 0.63 0.47
Jewelry and Silverware 33991 2,435 -24% 6% $53,971 0.78 1.1
Sporting and Athletic Goods 33992 2,235 -50% 23% $53,170 0.77 0.62
Doll, Toy, and Game Manufacturing 33993 304 -34% 41% $46,913 0.17 0.33
Office Supplies (except Paper) Manufacturing 33994 931 -7% -5% $34,514 0.45 0.97
Sign Manufacturing 33995 6,098 -15% 39% $44,948 0.99 0.97
All Other Miscellaneous Manufacturing 33999 6,560 -36% 12% $55,805 0.84 0.69
Subsector Total 339 30,493 -25% 12% $52,953 0.71 0.62

Sources: Emsi and Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

Conclusion

Manufacturing is an important part of the Texas economy, driving innovation and providing thousands of jobs with high wages. While the sector’s employment has declined in the last 20 years, its contribution to Texas GDP rose more than twice as much as in the U.S. as a whole, and exceeded the growth in Texas’ total GDP by 15 percent.

The miscellaneous manufacturing subsector, including medical equipment and supplies and a variety of recreational goods, consists of innovative, advanced industries and is export-intensive. The subsector is not highly concentrated in Texas; its overall share of Texas employment is just 62 percent of that in the U.S. High regional employment concentrations, however, can be found in the Upper East region.

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