There are several types of exemptions you may receive.
You may apply to the appraisal district the year you become age 65 or qualify for disability. If your application is approved, you will receive the exemption for the entire year in which you become age 65 or disabled and for subsequent years as long as you own a qualified residence homestead. Beginning in 2005, if your date of birth was on your original residence homestead application or other written correspondence to the appraisal district about your residence homestead you will automatically receive the age 65 or older exemption without applying, if you are entitled to the general residence homestead exemption.
You are eligible if you qualify to receive disability benefits under the Federal Old-Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance Program administered by the Social Security Administration. Disability benefits from any other program do not automatically qualify you. To prove your eligibility, you may need to provide the appraisal district with information on your disability. Contact your local appraisal district for information on what documents are required to prove eligibility.
Generally, the deadline to file an application for an exemption is April 30. You may file a late application for a residence homestead exemption, including age 65 or older or disabled, up to two years after the delinquency date. The delinquency date is normally Feb. 1.
It is a limit on the amount of taxes you must pay on your residence. If you qualify your residence homestead for an age 65 or older or disabled person residence homestead exemption for school district taxes, the school district taxes on that residence homestead cannot increase as long as you own and live in that home. The tax ceiling is the amount you pay in the year that you qualified for the age 65 or older or disabled person exemption. The school district taxes on your residence homestead may go below but not above the ceiling amount. If you improve the residence homestead (other than normal repairs or maintenance), the tax ceiling may go higher because of the new additions. For example, if you add on a garage or game room to the house after you have established a tax ceiling, the ceiling will be adjusted to a higher level to reflect the value of that addition.
A percentage of the school district tax ceiling may be transferred.
The ceiling on the new residence homestead would be calculated to give you the same percentage of tax paid as the ceiling on the original residence homestead. For example, if you currently have a tax ceiling of $100, but would pay $400 without the ceiling, the percentage of tax paid is 25 percent. If you move to another home and the taxes on the new residence homestead would normally be $1,000 in the first year, the new tax ceiling would be $250, or 25 percent of $1,000.
To transfer the school district tax ceiling, you may request a certificate from the chief appraiser in the last appraisal district in which you received the tax ceiling. You present the transfer certificate to the chief appraiser in the appraisal district where the new residence homestead is located when you apply for residence homestead exemptions on the new home.
Yes, the surviving spouse of a disabled person is entitled to the school district tax ceiling if they are age 55 or older when the individual died, and the residence homestead is the residence homestead of the surviving spouse on the date the individual dies and remains the residence homestead of the surviving spouse.
Yes, if the county commissioners court, city council or board of the junior college district authorizes a tax limitation on the homesteads of persons age 65 or older or disabled. The taxing unit governing body or voters (by petition and election) may adopt the limitation. This local option does not apply to other special districts such as water, hospital, etc.
Yes, but the home must be located within the applicable taxing unit — city, county or junior college district. The ceiling on the new homestead is calculated in the same manner as for the school district.