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Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts
Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts
Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

economy

Port of Entry: HidalgoImpact to the Texas Economy, 2018

Ports of entry within the state of Texas accounted for nearly $740 billion in international trade in 2018. Texas has 29 official ports of entry that serve as critical gateways to global trade. Each port, whether an airport, land port or seaport, serves many domestic and international economic activities across multiple industries. Each Texas port plays a distinctive role in the state’s transportation network and contributes to the state and local economies.

Of Texas’ total international trade, $408 billion, or 55.2 percent, traveled across the state’s border crossings with Mexico, with the Hidalgo port of entry accounting for 8.7 percent of land port trade, or about $35.4 billion.1 Each Texas land port is unique, facilitating the movement of people and goods between the neighboring countries through rail, commercial and personal vehicles and pedestrian traffic.

Economic Contribution

Based on the Comptroller’s estimate, trade through the Hidalgo port of entry in 2018 affected about 71,500 net jobs in Texas, and about $11 billion in gross domestic product (GDP) is related to trade through this port of entry (Exhibit 1).2

Exhibit 1:Trade through the Hidalgo Port of Entry
Estimated Total Contribution to the Texas Economy, 20183
DescriptionValue
Total direct trade value $35.4 billion
Related gross domestic product4 $10.8 billion
Total employment affected5 71,500

Sources: Regional Economic Models Inc. (REMI) model for Texas, Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

Hidalgo Port of Entry Trade

Hidalgo’s several border crossings form one of 11 land ports along Texas’ 1,254-mile border with Mexico.

Exhibit 2: Trading Partners and Trade Products through  the Hidalgo of Entry (based on $ value), 2018
DescriptionPartners/Products
Top trading partner using this port: Mexico
Top products imported through this port: electronics, machinery, fruit and nuts
Top products exported through this port: electronics, petroleum products, machinery

Source: U.S. Census Bureau: Economic Indicators Division, USA Trade Online

In 2018, the Hidalgo port of entry handled northbound border-crossing traffic of about 647,000 trucks, more than 4.4 million cars (with 9 million passengers) and more than 2 million pedestrians.

Shipping activity through this port accounted for $35.4 billion in trade in 2018, 133 percent more than in 2003 ($15.2 billion) (Exhibit 3).

Hidalgo Port of Entry, All Trade (All Commodities), 2003 to 2018

Exhibit 3: Port of Hidalgo, All Trade (All Commodities), 2003 to 2018
Year Total Trade through Hidalgo (in billions) Percentage of Total Trade through land ports
2003 15.2 billion dollars 9.8%
2004 17.3 billion dollars 9.9%
2005 19.2 billion dollars 10.5%
2006 21.1 billion dollars 10.3%
2007 23.0 billion dollars 10.6%
2008 23.6 billion dollars 10.6%
2009 20.9 billion dollars 11.0%
2010 24.6 billion dollars 10.2%
2011 25.5 billion dollars 9.2%
2012 26.8 billion dollars 8.8%
2013 28.5 billion dollars 8.9%
2014 30.6 billion dollars 8.8%
2015 30.1 billion dollars 8.4%
2016 30.6 billion dollars 8.6%
2017 33.7 billion dollars 8.9%
2018 35.4 billion dollars 8.7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau: Economic Indicators Division, USA Trade Online

The Hidalgo port of entry’s top trading partner, Mexico, accounts for nearly all trade traversing the port (Exhibit 4). Mexico represents 96 percent of this port’s total trade, while the second largest trading partner, China, accounts for 2.5 percent.

Exhibit 4:Hidalgo Port of Entry Trade Value (2014 to 2018)
YearOverall Trade (billions) Trade with Mexico (billions)
Total TradeExportsImports Trade % of Total ExportsImports
2018 $35.4 $12.4 $23.0 $34.0 96.0% $12.4 $21.6
2017 $33.7 $11.7 $22.1 $32.4 96.1% $11.7 $20.7
2016 $30.6 $10.4 $20.2 $29.4 96.1% $10.4 $19.0
2015 $30.1 $10.8 $19.3 $29.3 97.3% $10.8 $18.5
2014 $30.6 $11.4 $19.2 $29.6 96.9% $11.4 $18.2

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau: Economic Indicators Division, USA Trade Online


  1. U.S. Census Bureau: USA Trade Online – U.S. Import and Export Merchandise trade statistics.
  2. Regional Economic Models Inc. (REMI) model for Texas was used with total trade value attributed to this port as a percentage of Texas’ total trade value as an input. These data were used to generate a weighted estimate of net jobs and GDP associated with trade at this port.
  3. The estimated contributions offer a strong indicator of the economic importance of this port of entry to Texas; estimates as such are not precise quantifications of direct or indirect contributions to the Texas economy.
  4. “Gross domestic product” refers to the total value of all final goods and services produced in Texas.
  5. “Total employment” refers to both direct and indirect employment.
  6. U.S. Census Bureau: Economic Indicators Division, USA Trade Online.

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