Texas' location, geography and diverse economy offer unique trade opportunities with other states and countries. Texas has a number of ports of entry, including seaports, inland ports and border crossings, which facilitate the movement of imports and exports. Texas ports of entry contribute to the state and local economies, each in a very distinctive way.
The state of Texas was responsible for nearly $650 billion in international trade in 2015. Of Texas' total international trade, $71.1 billion or 11.3 percent attributed to cargo arriving and/or departing by air through the state's air/multimodal ports.1
Port San Antonio, is one of Texas' two intermodal logistics facilities connecting air, road and rail (Fort Worth's AllianceTexas being the other), which allow businesses to take advantage of and provide services for trade arriving via all three modes of transportation.1 Each facility has immediate access to an airport with a long runway, rail facilities and major highways.
Port San Antonio on the southwestern side of the city of San Antonio, was created in 1995 as a result of the federal government's decision to close Kelly Air Force Base. The city created the port as a separate special authority to redevelop the former base which included 1,900 acres and 15 million square feet of former Air Force facilities.1 Today, Port San Antonio is part of a larger complex comprising Lackland Air Force Base (south), Kelly Field (center) and Port San Antonio (north). Lackland AFB and Kelly Field are part of Joint Base San Antonio (JBSA), which is also is a large tenant at Port San Antonio.
Port San Antonio includes:
More than eight miles of track on site
|Ground||Tenants conducting 24/7 operations||Access to US Hwy 90, IH10, IH35 and IH37|
Port San Antonio has about 100 direct employees and houses more than 70 public and private-sector tenants that employ approximately 12,000 people. This figure includes about 6,000 affiliated with the Air Force, which in recent years has located headquarters operations within the port campus.
Since its inception, the port, its customers and private-sector partners have invested more than $500 million in redevelopment. Another $35 million is spent on capital improvements and general construction each year.
Comptroller staff applied data obtained from various sources as inputs and used the REMI (Regional Economic Models, Inc.) model for the state of Texas to generate estimates of Port San Antonio's contributions to state-level employment, gross domestic product, output and disposable personal income. 4 The Comptroller estimates that the operation at Port San Antonio contributed $5.2 billion to the Texas economy and supported about 27,000 jobs in 2015.
|Total employment 5||27,000|
|Gross domestic product 7||$2,988,882,000|
|Disposable personal income 8||$1,816,659,000|
Source: REMI Model for Texas
The Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts recognizes that facilities such as Port San Antonio affect the state economy in positive ways that may be difficult to measure. Each facility's distinctive characteristics contribute to the Texas economy, but, while instrumental to the state's economic growth, cannot always be quantified. Although the estimated contributions presented above provide a strong indicator of the economic importance of Port San Antonio to Texas, the Comptroller acknowledges there is potential for additional positive economic impact to the state.
|Air Traffic||Rail Traffic|
|FY||Total aircraft received||Cargo only||Non-Cargo||Total Rail Cars||Cars with other Commodities||Cars with Frac sand||Cars for Maintenance|
*"Aircraft Received" indicates those not stationed at adjacent Lackland AFB; "non-cargo" includes general aviation as well as some military aircraft arriving for other purposes including repair at Port San Antonio tenants.
Source: Port San Antonio
Port San Antonio's expansion continues as facilities for aerospace operations are currently near full occupancy. To prepare for the future, the port has obtained $5 million in funding to prepare nearly 200 acres for development specifically intended for aerospace and advanced manufacturing industry tenants – offering direct access to Kelly Field and truck transport.9
Boeing operates one of the world's largest military aircraft maintenance, repair, and overhaul (MRO) facilities. Since opening in 1998, Boeing has invested more than $200 million in this facility, which:
Source: The Boeing Company
Port San Antonio is part of the larger The Dallas-Fort Worth Customs District, which includes the area stretching from Tulsa, OK to San Antonio, with the width of Lubbock to Dallas, capturing all trade activity in-between. While being a significantly large area, the DFW region represents 93 percent of the total value of goods traded in the entire trade district. With $58.5 billion in trade, the district was the nation's 16th largest, by value, in 2015.10
Texas has 29 official ports of entry that serve as critical gateways to global trade. Each port, whether accessible via air, land or sea, serves a variety of domestic and international economic activity across multiple industries. The high quality of Texas' ports has a significant impact internationally as well as across the state from its largest cities to the most rural counties. Texas ports play an important role in the state's transportation network, as each directly contributes to and thus affects the entire transportation system. Texas ports contribute to the overall strength and diversity of the Texas economy, which ranks 10th in GDP when compared to other nations.11