Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts
Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts
Skip navigation
Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts
Skip navigation
Top navigation skipped

Port of Entry

George Bush

Ports of entry within the state of Texas accounted for nearly $740 billion in international trade in 2018. Texas has 29 official ports of entry that serve as critical gateways to global trade. Each port, whether an airport, land port or seaport, serves many domestic and international economic activities across multiple industries. Each Texas port plays a distinctive role in the state’s transportation network and contributes to the state and local economies.

Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

IAH’s contributions to the Texas economy include:

Total trade (2018) $14.1 Billion

Direct and indirect employment 42,000

gross domestic product $6.3 Billion

Sources: REMI, Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

About The George Bush Intercontinental Airport

Map of Texas that shows location of   IAH  over background of a close-up map of the port.

IAH ranks 19th nationally for total cargo tonnage and fourth for total flights (all planes)

Located north of Houston, IAH transports more than just travelers: cargo moves through the facility in impressive quantities.

IAH is part of the Houston-Galveston Customs District, which includes the Sugar Land Regional Airport, the Port of Houston, the Port of Texas City, the Port of Galveston, the Port of Freeport, the Port of Port Lavaca and the Port of Corpus Christi.

George Bush Intercontinental Airport: All Trade 2003 to 2018

Port of IAH: All Trade (All Commodities), 2003 to 2018
Year Total Trade through IAH (in billions) Percentage of Total Trade through Seaports
2003 7.2 billion dollars 22%
2004 7.8 billion dollars 19%
2005 9.5 billion dollars 20%
2006 11.4 billion dollars 20%
2007 12.8 billion dollars 22%
2008 13.8 billion dollars 23%
2009 12.9 billion dollars 25%
2010 16.4 billion dollars 27%
2011 20.4 billion dollars 30%
2012 18.5 billion dollars 27%
2013 17.2 billion dollars 25%
2014 18.8 billion dollars 25%
2015 15.3 billion dollars 21%
2016 14.4 billion dollars 21%
2017 14.0 billion dollars 20%
2018 14.1 billion dollars 20%

Shipping activity through this airport accounted for $14.1 Billion in trade in 2018, 96 percent more than in 2003 ($7.2 billion).

This airport’s trade, as a percentage of the total through Texas cargo airports, has fluctuated from as low as 19 percent in 2004 to as high as 29.7 percent in 2011.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau: USA Trade Online

George Bush Intercontinental Airport: Trade with with Top Trading Partners, 2014 to 2018

Imports Exports

Port of IAH Trade with with Germany, the Netherlands, China and the United Kingdom (2014 to 2018)
Year Trade ExportsImports
2018 $5.2 $2.6 $2.6
2017 $5.7 $2.8 $2.9
2016 $5.7 $2.9 $2.8
2015 $5.8 $2.8 $3.0
2014 $6.1 $2.8 $3.3

IAH’s top two trading partners account for 37 percent of all trade traversing the port. Its top trading partner, Germany, represents 11 percent of the port’s total trade, while the second-, third- and fourth-largest (the Netherlands, China and the United Kingdom) account for 8.8, 8.7 and 8.4 percent, respectively.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau: USA Trade Online

Glenn Hegar

Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

IAH is one of 29 official Texas Ports of Entry. See a select list of ports, plus more in-depth regional data.


If you have any questions or concerns regarding the material on this page, please contact the Comptroller’s Data Analysis and Transparency Division.