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Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts
Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts
Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

Region Report

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Regional Snapshot

Gulf Coast Region

counties and position in Texas

Gulf coast region
gross domestic product,
2020

About 28 percent of Texas’ GDP of $1.8 trillion.

Gulf Coast Region Counties:

  • Austin
  • Brazoria
  • Chambers
  • Colorado
  • Fort Bend
  • Galveston
  • Harris
  • Liberty
  • Matagorda
  • Montgomery
  • Walker
  • Waller
  • Wharton

The 13-county Gulf Coast region covers about 13,900 square miles in eastern coastal Texas, stretching from Huntsville in the north to Matagorda Bay and Galveston.

Nearly a quarter of the state’s population lives in the Gulf Coast region. If the region was a state, it would be the 14th most populous. The region contains one metropolitan statistical area (MSA), the Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land MSA.

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Population Change

The region’s overall growth was led by Fort Bend County, increasing nearly 41 percent from 2010 to 2020.

REGION
19.9%

TEXAS
15.9%

U.S.
7.4%


Jobs & Wages

The 3.2 million people employed in the region in 2020 held about a quarter of Texas jobs. The most concentrated industries include those supporting oil and gas and petrochemical production. These industries have a high location quotient (LQ), indicating they’re unique to the regional economy. The warehousing and storage industry led regional job gains between 2015 and 2020.

Percent change in total jobs, 2010 to 2020

Employment growth in the Gulf Coast region grew by 15.2%, compared to Texas at 17.1% and the U.S. at 7.8%.

Top Industries by Location Quotient, 2020

Top Gulf Coast Region Industries by Location Quotient, 2020
Industry Employment Average Annual Wages Location Quotient
Pipeline Transportation of Crude Oil 3,790 $131,363 14.35
Oil and Gas Extraction 34,861 $252,527 12.01
Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas 7,520 $203,965 11.24
Space Research and Technology 2,936 $138,381 7.83
Basic Chemical Manufacturing 22,704 $144,660 7.13

Industries with Largest Total Jobs Growth, 2015 to 2020

Gulf Coast Region Industries with Largest Total Growth, 2015 to 2020
Industry Employment Average Annual Wages Location Quotient Employment Change, 2015 to 2020 Percent Employment Change, 2015 to 2020
Warehousing and Storage 25,901 $45,370 0.82 13,525 109.3%
Elementary and Secondary Schools 209,514 $49,024 1.26 10,941 5.5%
Management of Companies and Enterprises 44,086 $176,286 0.89 7,921 21.9%
General Medical and Surgical Hospitals 99,568 $75,055 0.78 7,279 7.9%
Home Health Care Services 59,355 $21,859 1.71 6,267 11.8%

Glenn Hegar

Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

THE Gulf Coast REGION IS ONE OF THE COMPTROLLER’S 12 ECONOMIC REGIONS.

Read all the 2022 Regional Reports.

Sources: JobsEQ; U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages; U.S. Census Bureau; U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts