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Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts
Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts
Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

economy

Port of Entry: BeaumontImpact to the Texas Economy, 2018

Ports of entry within the state of Texas accounted for nearly $740 billion in international trade in 2018. Texas has 29 official ports of entry that serve as critical gateways to global trade. Each port, whether an airport, land port or seaport, serves many domestic and international economic activities across multiple industries. Each Texas port plays a distinctive role in the state’s transportation network and contributes to the state and local economies.

Of Texas’ total international trade, $261 billion, or 35.3 percent, traveled through the state’s seaports, with the Port of Beaumont accounting for 7.2 percent of the seaport trade, or about $18.8 billion.1 Each seaport facilitates the movement of goods between Texas and nations throughout the world. Each Texas seaport is unique, offering different capabilities and many shipping options, including bulk, roll-on/roll-off, container and liquid/gas shipping.

Economic Contribution

Based on the Comptroller’s estimate, trade through the Port of Beaumont in 2018 affected about 84,000 net jobs in Texas. Approximately $12.6 billion in gross domestic product (GDP) is related to trade through the Port of Beaumont (Exhibit 1).2

Exhibit 1:Trade through the Port of Beaumont
Estimated Total Contribution to the Texas Economy, 20183
DescriptionValue
Total direct trade value $18.8 billion
Related gross domestic product4 $12.6 billion
Total employment affected5 83,700

Sources: Regional Economic Models Inc. (REMI) model for Texas, Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

Port of Beaumont Trade

The Port of Beaumont is one of 10 seaports along Texas’ 367-mile coastline on the Gulf of Mexico.

Exhibit 2: Trading Partners and Trade Products through  the Port of Beaumont (based on $ value), 2018
DescriptionPartners/Products
Top origin of imported goods: Mexico
Top destinations for exported goods: Mexico, China
Top products imported through this port: petroleum products
Top products exported through this port: petroleum products

Source: U.S. Census Bureau: Economic Indicators Division, USA Trade Online

In 2018, the Port of Beaumont handled about 38 billion tons of cargo, with petroleum-related cargo accounting for about 90 percent of the total tonnage (Exhibit 2). Shipping activity through this port accounted for $18.8 billion in trade in 2018, 225 percent more than in 2003 ($5.8 billion) (Exhibit 3).

Port of Beaumont, All Trade (All Commodities), 2003 to 2018

Exhibit 3: Port of Beaumont, All Trade (All Commodities), 2003 to 2018
Year Total Trade through Beaumont (in billions) Percentage of Total Trade through Seaports
2003 $5.8 6.4%
2004 $7.8 6.6%
2005 $8.8 5.8%
2006 $10.9 6.1%
2007 $16.2 8.2%
2008 $21.3 8.1%
2009 $12.2 6.9%
2010 $14.4 6.4%
2011 $17.8 6.2%
2012 $17.0 5.7%
2013 $13.9 4.9%
2014 $12.5 4.6%
2015 $8.1 4.0%
2016 $7.4 4.4%
2017 $13.2 6.4%
2018 $18.8 7.2%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau: Economic Indicators Division, USA Trade Online

The Port of Beaumont’s top two trading partners account for one-third of all trade traversing the port (Exhibit 4). The port’s top trading partner, Mexico, represents 20.5 percent of its total trade, while the second-largest, China, represents 12.7 percent. The next three largest trading partners, South Korea, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, account for about 7.3, 7 and 6.2 percent, respectively.

Exhibit 4:Port of Beaumont Trade Value (2014 to 2018)
YearOverall Trade (billions) Trade with Mexico and China (billions)
Total TradeExportsImports Trade % of Total ExportsImports
2018 $18.8 $16.0 $2.7 $6.2 33.3% $4.9 $1.4
2017 $13.2 $11.2 $2.1 $5.3 40.3% $4.7 $0.6
2016 $7.4 $5.5 $1.8 $2.4 32.4% $2.0 $0.4
2015 $8.1 $5.9 $2.3 $2.1 26.3% $2.0 $0.2
2014 $12.5 $6.5 $6.0 $2.6 21.0% $2.5 $0.2

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau: Economic Indicators Division, USA Trade Online


  1. U.S. Census Bureau: USA Trade Online – U.S. Import and Export Merchandise trade statistics.
  2. Regional Economic Models Inc. (REMI) model for Texas was used with total trade value attributed to this port as a percentage of Texas’ total trade value as an input. These data were used to generate a weighted estimate of net jobs and GDP associated with trade at this port.
  3. The estimated contributions offer a strong indicator of the economic importance of this port of entry to Texas; estimates as such are not precise quantifications of direct or indirect contributions to the Texas economy.
  4. “Gross domestic product” refers to the total value of all final goods and services produced in Texas.
  5. “Total employment” refers to both direct and indirect employment.
  6. U.S. Census Bureau: Economic Indicators Division, USA Trade Online.

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