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Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts
Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts
Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts


This analysis predates the COVID-19 crisis and the economic impacts that followed. It is offered as an overview of the Upper East Texas regional economy and a resource for comparative purposes.

Regional Snapshot

Upper East Region

The 23-county Upper East region encompasses about 16,000 square miles in the northeastern corner of Texas, stretching from the Arkansas and Louisiana borders on the east to Cedar Creek Reservoir in the west.

The region includes three metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs): the Longview MSA, comprising Gregg, Rusk and Upshur counties; the Texarkana MSA, comprising Bowie County; and the Tyler MSA, including Smith County.

Upper East Region Counties:

  • Anderson
  • Bowie
  • Camp
  • Cass
  • Cherokee
  • Delta
  • Franklin
  • Gregg
  • Harrison
  • Henderson
  • Hopkins
  • Lamar
  • Marion
  • Morris
  • Panola
  • Rains
  • Red River
  • Rusk
  • Smith
  • Titus
  • Upshur
  • Van Zandt
  • Wood

Top 10 Industries by Location Quotient

  1. Support Activities for Mining
  2. Pipeline Transportation
  3. Oil and Gas Extraction
  4. Wood Product Manufacturing
  5. Forestry and Logging
  6. Paper Manufacturing
  7. Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing
  8. Animal Production and Aquaculture
  9. Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction
  10. Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing

Source: JobsEQ®

Population Growth

Upper East REGION VS. TEXAS AND U.S., 2010-2019




Source: U.S. Census Bureau

In 2019, the Upper East region’s estimated total population was about 1.2 million or 4 percent of the state’s total population. That marked an increase of 4.1 percent (more than 45,000 people) since the 2010 Census.


Average Annual Earnings by Educational Attainment, Upper East Texas Region

Average Annual Earnings by Educational Attainment, Upper East Texas Region
Educational Attainment Number Employed, Region Average Annual Earnings, Region
Less than high school 63,355 $35,759
High school or equivalent, no college 108,069 $40,140
Some college or associate degree 118,258 $44,232
Bachelor's degree or advanced degree 71,975 $59,697

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau and JobsEQ

Upper East region workers with some college or associate degrees and stable jobs earn an average of $4,092 more annually than those with a high school degree, while those with at least a bachelor’s degree earn an average of $18,557 more.


From 2009 to 2019, the Upper East region’s employment rose by almost 6 percent, much lower than the state’s total job growth rate. In 2019, the region accounted for 3.4 percent of the state’s total employment.

The Upper East region’s most significant occupations are shown below, sorted by numerical growth during the last five years.

Employment Growth, Upper East Region vs. Texas and U.S., 2009-2019

Note: Figures include private and public sector employees with the exception of active-duty military personnel, railroad employees, religious institution employees and the self-employed.

Sources: JobsEQ and U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Top Occupations in the Upper East Region by Numeric Growth, 2014-2019

Top Occupations in the Upper East Region by Numeric Growth, 2014 to 2019
Occupation Number Employed Average Annual Wages
Other Personal Care and Service Workers 14,602 $21,400
Food and Beverage Serving Workers 14,031 $20,600
Building Cleaning and Pest Control Workers 11,187 $21,900
Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners 17,756 $93,500
Top Executives 7,013 $104,600

Note: Data are as of Q4 2019 except wage data, which are for covered employment in
Source: JobsEQ

Regional Economy

In 2019, taxable sales directly attributable to businesses in the region exceeded $12.8 billion, contributing about 2.3 percent to the state’s overall taxable sales.

Regional Receipts Subject to Sales Tax

Upper East Region, Taxable Sales, 2007-2019
Year Revenue Upper East Region
2007 10.1 billion dollars
2008 10.9 billion dollars
2009 9.7 billion dollars
2010 9.8 billion dollars
2011 10.4 billion dollars
2012 10.7 billion dollars
2013 10.8 billion dollars
2014 11.6 billion dollars
2015 11.5 billion dollars
2016 11.2 billion dollars
2017 11.6 billion dollars
2018 12.4 billion dollars
2019 12.8 billion dollars

Note: Numbers shown are for reported revenue subject to sales tax and directly attributed to the region.
Source: Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts


The Upper East region and its 23 counties have many unique economic conditions and challenges. The region features a diverse economy with both rural and urban areas. Smith County, the sole county in the Tyler MSA, is its economic hub and its most populous county as well as its second-fastest growing. The region has seen limited population growth since 2010.

The U.S. military’s presence has a positive economic impact on the region, which has seen a steady increase in taxable sales since the 2007-2009 recession.

The Upper East Region is one of the Comptroller’s 12 economic regions.

View a complete list of these regions, plus more in-depth county-by-county data.

Glenn Hegar

Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts


If you have any questions or concerns regarding the material on this page, please contact the Comptroller’s Data Analysis and Transparency Division.