Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts
Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts
Skip navigation
Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts
Skip navigation
Top navigation skipped


Fort Hood Economic Impact on the Texas Economy, 2021

The Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts estimates the population directly affiliated with Fort Hood, located in Killeen, contributed at least $28.8 billion to the Texas economy in 2021.[1]

Working with the Texas Military Preparedness Commission, the Comptroller’s office collected data from each of the state’s 14 U.S. military installations using a survey designed to ensure consistency in determining the total direct and indirect contribution of the base’s populations to state-level employment, gross domestic product, output and disposable personal income (Exhibit 1).[2]

Exhibit 1
Estimated Total Contribution of
Fort Hood to the Texas Economy, 2021
Contribution Value
Total direct employment 55,374
Total employment (direct & indirect)[3] 160,933
Output[4] $28,886,145,000
Gross domestic product[5] $16,967,542,000
Disposable personal income[6] $11,224,637,000

Source: Regional Economic Models, Inc. (REMI) - model for Texas

The Comptroller’s economic impact analysis represents a conservative estimate of the economic importance of Fort Hood to Texas. Each installation’s distinctive characteristics contribute to the Texas economy in different ways. This analysis uses a consistent model to determine the economic impact of each of the state’s military installations to the state’s economic growth.


The following data were provided by Fort Hood.

Fort Hood occupies a total of 218,823 acres.

Employment and Other Populations
Description Full Time Equivalent (FTE)
Active Duty Army 36,782
Active Duty Navy & Marines 0
Active Duty Air Force 256
Active Duty Coast Guard 0
Active Duty National Guard/Reserve 477
Appropriated 5,029
Non-Appropriated 330
Army Reserve 0
Navy & Marines Reserve 0
Air Force Reserve 0
Coast Guard Reserve 0
Appropriated 158
Non-Appropriated 115
Contractors, Total (staff) 10,127
Full Time Employees Not Listed Elsewhere 1,918
Average Daily Student Load 182
Total Direct Employment 55,374
Number of Dependents 49,132
Number Attending On-installation Schools 4,859
Number Attending Off-installation Schools 28,685
Military retirees accessing station/base/post/camp facilities or resources (e.g. hospitals, PXs, exchanges, etc.) 417,131

End Notes

  1. This study represents an analysis of the economic impact of the population and employees directly affiliated with the base. This includes active duty, visiting, and other military personnel, dependents, civilian employees and contractors directly affiliated with the base – as reported in documents emailed from Kelly Sandifer, Chief, Plans, Analysis and Integration Office, Fort Hood, to Alexandra Taylor, Texas Military Preparedness Commission, February 22, 2022; and additional clarification interviews.
  2. Estimate inputs and assumptions include the following: (1) all data submitted are for 2021; (2) input includes full-time, permanent employees and a full-time equivalent (FTE) for any part-time employees; (3) dependents are associated with Fort Hood only; (4) all economic impact is within Texas.
  3. “Total employment” refers to both direct and indirect employment.
  4. “Output” refers to the total value of all goods and services (both final and intermediate) produced in Texas.
  5. “Gross domestic product” refers to the total value of all final goods and services produced in Texas.
  6. “Disposable personal income” refers to post-income-tax income.