Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts
Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts
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Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts
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Paper Manufacturing

Subsector Overview »

This subsector includes pulp and paper mills and manufacturers of paper products, including office supplies and products for shipping and packaging.

Direct & Indirect Employment

$2.1 Billion
State Subsector GDP

Average Annual Wage

$1.9 Billion

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Economic Models, Inc., Emsi, U.S. Department of Commerce International Trade Administration

Industries in Paper Manufacturing Subsector

One method to measure a subsector’s regional strength is the location quotient (LQ), a ratio of the subsector’s share of employment in a region to its share of employment in the U.S. as a whole; the higher the LQ value, the more “concentrated” the industry. LQ values often are used to identify regional strengths and inform economic development and investment decisions. Texas’ statewide 0.56 LQ in paper manufacturing indicates that the subsector and its industries are not highly competitive.

Description Direct Jobs 2016 Average Texas Salaries 2016 Location Quotient 2016
Subsector Totals 17,207 $62,783 0.56
Pulp, Paper and Paperboard Mills 2,980 $85,266 0.36
Converted Paper Product Manufacturing 14,228 $58,075 0.63

Source: Emsi

Subsector and Industry Concentration in Texas Regions

A regional assessment of employment concentration is useful, as the size of Texas’ economy and workforce can obscure regional industry strengths. The paper manufacturing subsector is highly concentrated in the Upper East, Central and Southeast Texas regions.

  • Upper East Region LQ 2.09
    • Paris: Sanitary Paper Product Manufacturing
    • Texarkana: Paper (Except Newsprint) Mills
  • Southeast Region LQ 1.68
    • Beaumont, Port Arthur: Paperboard Mills
  • Central LQ 1.23
    • Waco: Corrugated and Sold Fiber Box Manufacturing
    • Brenham: Other Paperboard Container Manufacturing
  • Other LQ < 1
    • Dallas, Fort Worth, Arlington: Paperboard Mills

Sources: Emsi, Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

Regional Job Changes,
2010 to 2016

Paper manufacturing jobs declined from 2010-2016 in the U.S. and Texas. Several Texas regions did see job growth, led by the West and Central regions.

Change in Employment
Region Job Change 2010 to 2016
Percent Change
West 532 49%
Central 2,086 40%
Gulf Coast 1,431 17%
Southeast 1,153 4%

Sources: Emsi, Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts


Texas economy, creating jobs paying well above the statewide average. It also contributes significantly to job creation in other industries, particularly in design operations and services.

The paper manufacturing subsector’s employment and economic output levels have declined since the mid-1990s, both in the U.S. and Texas. Demand for paper products has declined as consumers shift to digital media. The subsector is buoyed, however, by demand for packaging from food and beverage industries.