The manufacturing sector transforms materials, substances or components into new products using mechanical, physical or chemical processes. As one of the broadest sectors of the economy, manufacturing includes 21 subsectors that create a wide range of products, from food and beverages to petrochemicals and automobiles. In 2016, manufacturing contributed $218.3 billion to Texas’ economy, the second-highest contributor behind financial activities. Women account for 27 percent of the state’s 843,000 jobs in this sector.
This industry contributed
to the state GDP in 2016.
Jobs held by Texas women in this industry
These jobs generate additional business activities that ultimately support more than 609,000 jobs in other industries of the Texas economy.
Sources: BEA, Emsi, Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts
Number of Jobs
Average Annual Earnings
|Women's Jobs||Women's Share of Total Jobs|
|Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing||15,889||$73,174||3,741||24%|
|Textile Product Mills||5,721||$42,131||2,977||52%|
|Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing||4,374||$45,431||2,407||55%|
|Wood Product Manufacturing||23,523||$50,887||5,265||22%|
|Printing and Related Support Activities||25,016||$55,515||10,334||41%|
|Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing||23,074||$198,835||4,397||19%|
|Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing||37,947||$62,912||11,297||30%|
|Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing||38,104||$71,528||6,230||16%|
|Primary Metal Manufacturing||19,359||$73,725||3,130||16%|
|Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing||116,807||$71,736||23,572||20%|
|Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing||90,280||$150,322||26,893||30%|
|Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing||18,475||$96,440||5,144||28%|
|Transportation Equipment Manufacturing||89,465||$103,320||21,201||24%|
|Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing||23,281||$51,187||6,670||29%|
Earnings in manufacturing vary widely among the subsectors. The three subsectors with the highest shares of women — apparel manufacturing, textile product mills and leather and allied product manufacturing — are among the lowest-paid manufacturing fields.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau
|Occupation||Women’s Share Total Jobs|
|First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers||18%|
|Welders, Cutters, Solderers and Brazers||6%|
|Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers and Weighers||38%|
|Helpers — Production Workers||25%|
The manufacturing sector faces a number of challenges, most notably a shortage of trained and skilled workers. In the last few decades, industry leaders increasingly have viewed women as a solution to their skills needs. The number of women in manufacturing is growing slowly but steadily, due to various initiatives steering women into science, technology, engineering and math, but the sector is also working to change the public perception of manufacturing as a career choice and modernizing the workplace in ways that will attract younger generations.
Currently, women working in manufacturing generate additional business activities that ultimately support about 609,000 jobs in all other industries of the state economy. With time, Texas’ manufacturing sector will increasingly reap the benefits of women’s unique perspectives and leadership styles.