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Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts
Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts
Glenn Hegar
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

economy

Professional and Business Services Overview Women in the Workforce

Professional and Business Services Snapshot | Printable Professional and Business Services Snapshot (PDF)

The professional and business services industry, sometimes called a “super sector,” comprises three sectors — professional, scientific and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; and administrative and support and waste management and remediation services. In 2016, professional and business services contributed $179.4 billion to Texas’ economy. Women account for 45 percent of the state’s 1.6 million jobs in this industry.

Quick Facts

  • Professional and business services contributed $179.4 billion to Texas’ gross state product (GSP) in 2016, about 11 percent of the total.
  • Professional, scientific and technical services accounted for the largest share of GSP, at $106.3 billion.
  • The industry employed more than 1,647,000 in 2017, 13 percent of all Texas jobs.
  • Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services had the largest share of jobs in the industry, at 49 percent.
  • Between 2010 and 2017, the industry added nearly 371,000 positions, with the most growth in professional, scientific and technical services (more than 165,000 jobs).

Average regional multipliers for professional and business services were used to estimate how an initial introduction of economic input in the industry, in the form of sales, jobs or earnings, affect the greater Texas economy. These multipliers capture “indirect” effects on industries that supply goods and services to the industry as well as “induced” effects on industries that sell local goods and services — such as housing, food or entertainment — to workers in the professional and business services industry and its suppliers (Exhibit 1).1

Exhibit 1: Average Type 2 Multipliers for Professional and Business Services

Sector/Subsector Sales Jobs* Earnings
Professional and Business Services 2.43 2.51 2.15
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services 2.42 2.54 2.05
Management of Companies and Enterprises 2.46 4.23 2.03
Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services 2.45 2.36 2.26

The overall multiplier effects are as follows:

Jobs
For every 100 jobs created, an additional 151 jobs are supported in all other industries within the Texas economy.
Sales
For every $1 million in sales, an additional 1.43 million dollars in sales are generated by other industries within the Texas economy.
Earnings
For every $1 million in earnings generated, an additional 1.15 million dollars in earnings are generated by other industries within the Texas economy.

*The multiplier effect in this analysis is applicable to any worker in this industry and does not differentiate effects by gender.

Sources: Emsi and Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

Texas Women in Professional and Business Services

In 2017, women held more than 733,000 jobs in professional and business services (Exhibit 2). Those jobs generate additional business activities that ultimately support about 1.1 million jobs in other industries of the Texas economy. 2

Exhibit 2: Texas Professional and Business Services Jobs, 2017
Description NAICS Code* Total Jobs 2010 to 2017 Change Average Earnings Per Job** Women's Jobs Women’s Share of Jobs
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services 54 734,955 165,462 $103,858 324,574 44%
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services 541 734,955 165,462 $103,858 324,574 44%
Legal Services 5411 85,781 7,487 $110,841 56,517 66%
Accounting, Tax Preparation, Bookkeeping and Payroll Services 5412 84,196 17,692 $78,400 51,376 61%
Architectural, Engineering and Related Services 5413 144,492 9,440 $112,037 38,278 26%
Specialized Design Services 5414 9,298 2,116 $68,090 4,876 52%
Computer Systems Design and Related Services 5415 170,203 68,470 $121,044 51,818 30%
Management, Scientific and Technical Consulting Services 5416 134,844 49,778 $107,459 61,001 45%
Scientific Research and Development Services 5417 24,363 539 $120,770 11,054 45%
Advertising, Public Relations and Related Services 5418 27,319 2,627 $76,438 14,899 55%
Other Professional, Scientific and Technical Services 5419 54,459 7,314 $60,178 34,755 64%
Management of Companies and Enterprises 55 123,761 44,489 $147,971 59,577 48%
Management of Companies and Enterprises 551 123,761 44,489 $147,971 59,577 48%
Management of Companies and Enterprises 5511 123,761 44,489 $147,971 59,577 48%
Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services 56 788,286 160,886 $49,178 349,176 44%
Administrative and Support Services 561 755,484 153,147 $48,204 342,319 45%
Office Administrative Services 5611 76,431 20,401 $100,601 40,785 53%
Facilities Support Services 5612 13,895 -1,328 $64,440 6,104 44%
Employment Services 5613 290,469 68,904 $43,548 128,838 44%
Business Support Services 5614 98,596 8,198 $47,318 58,759 60%
Travel Arrangement and Reservation Services 5615 16,624 4,000 $71,931 10,420 63%
Investigation and Security Services 5616 78,735 14,498 $39,082 24,316 31%
Services to Buildings and Dwellings 5617 162,811 34,624 $32,580 66,230 41%
Other Support Services 5619 17,921 3,847 $52,503 6,866 38%
Waste Management and Remediation Services 562 32,802 7,739 $71,608 6,857 21%
Waste Collection 5621 10,545 3,110 $54,098 1,964 19%
Waste Treatment and Disposal 5622 12,173 2,406 $96,523 2,607 21%
Remediation and Other Waste Management Services 5629 10,084 2,222 $59,842 2,286 23%
Professional and Business Services, Total 54-56 1,647,002 370,837 $81,002  733,326 45%

*The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) is the federal system used to classify business establishments for statistical purposes.
**Based on total jobs in the industry including both genders. Earnings include salaries, wages, benefits and other compensation.

Source: Emsi


Professional, Scientific and Technical Services

As the name implies, the professional, scientific and technical services sector provides a variety of services to clients in many industries. Compared to other sectors of the economy, professional, scientific and technical services require a high degree of training and expertise.

In 2017, this sector accounted for nearly 45 percent of employment in the professional and business services industry (734,955 jobs). Women held 44 percent of all professional, scientific and technical services jobs and more than 60 percent of jobs in legal services, accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping and payroll and other professional, scientific and technical services — two of the highest-paying subsectors. 

Women are well represented in the top occupations employed in the sector, most notably as accountants and auditors (60 percent) and general office clerks (82 percent) (Exhibit 3).

Exhibit 3: Top Occupations in Professional, Scientific and Technical Services, 2017
Description Jobs in Sector Total Jobs
(All Sectors)*
Women's Share
of Total Jobs
Accountants and Auditors 42,773 122,779 60%
Office Clerks, General 32,870 388,682 82%
Software Developers, Applications 30,079 61,816 21%
Lawyers 28,243 44,035 37%
Computer Systems Analysts 23,670 59,422 34%

*Other sectors employ workers with this occupation. This is a total for the occupation across sectors.

Source: Emsi


Management of Companies and Enterprises

Management of companies and enterprises comprises firms that operate by holding securities and other equity interests of companies for the purpose of owning a controlling interest and influencing management decisions. Others may oversee and manage establishments belonging to certain companies or enterprises.

Management of companies and enterprises is the smallest sector of the Texas economy in terms of employment, with 123,761 jobs in 2017. In this sector, women held 59,577 Texas jobs, 48 percent of the total.

Women held significant shares of jobs in the sector’s top occupations. In addition to accountants, auditors and office clerks, women account for impressively high shares of customer services representatives (67 percent) and bookkeeping, accounting and auditing clerks (88 percent) (Exhibit 4).

Exhibit 4: Top Occupations in Management of Companies and Enterprises, 2017
Description Jobs in Sector Total Jobs
(All Sectors)*
Women's Share
of Total Jobs
Accountants and Auditors 6,221 122,779 60%
Customer Service Representatives 6,167 260,763 67%
General and Operations Managers 4,462 173,541 28%
Office Clerks, General 4,237 388,682 82%
Bookkeeping, Accounting and Auditing Clerks 4,216 133,409 88%

*Other sectors employ workers with this occupation. This is a total for the occupation across sectors.

Source: Emsi


Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services

The administrative and support and waste management and remediation services sector, which performs routine support activities for the day-to-day operations of other organizations, provides the most employment of all sectors within the professional and business services industry, accounting for nearly 48 percent of all Texas jobs. 

In 2017, Texas women held the highest number and largest share of total jobs in administrative and support services, with 341,319 jobs and 45 percent of total employment.

Women held relatively low shares of the sector’s top occupations, with the exception of customer service representatives (Exhibit 5).

Exhibit 5: Top Occupations in Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services, 2017
Description Jobs in Sector Total Jobs
(All Sectors)*
Women's Share
of Total Jobs
Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 74,942 187,762 32%
Security Guards 57,001 91,896 25%
Customer Service Representatives 56,775 260,763 67%
Laborers and Freight, Stock and Material Movers, Hand 39,009 182,132 18%
Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 38,442 69,633 13%

*Other sectors employ workers with this occupation. This is a total for the occupation across sectors.

Source: Emsi


Earnings Growth

From 2010 to 2016, average monthly earnings of women increased in all three sectors of professional and business services. Women working in management of companies and enterprises saw their earnings rise the most, by 28 percent (Exhibit 6). On average, Texas women in management of companies and enterprises earned $5,598 a month; administrative and support and waste management and remediation services, $3,174; and professional, scientific and technical services, $5,338 per month.

Exhibit 6: Growth in Average Monthly Earnings of Texas Women in Professional and Business Services (Indexed from 2010)

data below
Sector 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services 0% 3% 6% 10% 14% 18% 20%
Management of Companies and Enterprises 0% 4% 7% 9% 27% 30% 28%
Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services 0% 2% 6% 9% 12% 16% 17%
All Sectors 0% 3% 6% 8% 12% 15% 16%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau Quarterly Workforce Indicators

Conclusion

The professional and business services industry offers a wealth of opportunities for women. Of all women-owned businesses nationally, 12 percent were in the professional, scientific and technical services subsector — the third-highest share across all sectors of the economy. In addition, management of companies and enterprises and professional, scientific and technical services are both among the top five highest-earning sectors for Texas women.

Texas women working in professional and business services generate additional business activities that ultimately support about 1.1 million jobs in other industries throughout the state economy.


End Notes

  1. The multipliers used in this analysis are averages of the Emsi Input-Output Model’s regional Type 2 earnings, sales and jobs multipliers for all six-digit NAICS categories within this industry. The Comptroller’s office acknowledges that averaging multipliers introduces aggregation bias. This is a general approximation of multiplier effects on this sector. For a more precise analysis of multiplier effects, analyze each six-digit NAICS category in the sector and its respective multipliers.

    A direct effect is directly related to the production of the good or service of the industry in question. Indirect effects are generated in the businesses that supply goods and services to the industry that aid in the production of the good or service. Spending directly and indirectly generated incomes in the broader economy in turn creates induced effects.

    Using the professional and business services industry as an example, direct jobs would include the number of workers in professional and business services. The jobs of a computer wholesaler that supplies the professional and business services industry are indirect jobs. The jobs of restaurant workers who serve lunch to professional and business services and computer wholesaler workers are induced.

  2. The Type 2 jobs multiplier effect mentioned is based solely on the number of jobs held by women.

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